Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 16

In this post, we will setup a server and install Nextcloud on it. My distribution of choice is Ubuntu Server, version 16.04 LTS. I happen to like the non-GUI interface, so everything will be done in the terminal. I will make this as short as possible. Let’s start!

The server has 1 virtual processor and 1 GB of memory. More than enough for a home test server running Nextcloud. Use the default settings during install. At the end, when asked about packages to add, choose these three:

When asked, set a password for MySQL root user and remember it.

After installation, update the server:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

There is a good idea to set up a static IP for the server. Open and edit this file:

sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces

Replace this:

iface [your adapter name] inet dhcp

with this:

iface [your adapter name] inet static
address 192.168.1.10 (or whatever IP you wish to assign to it)
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 192.168.1.1 (the address of your router)
dns-nameservers 192.168.1.1

Save and close the file with Ctrl-O and Ctrl-X. Reboot the server to reflect the changes.

Next, we are going to create a MySQL database for Nextcloud:

sudo mysql -u root -p
create database nextcloud;
GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO ‘nextclouduser’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
flush privileges;
exit

Choose your own database name, user and password. We will need them later.
A good practice is to secure the mysql installation. Run this command:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Answer no the the first two questions and yes to the rest.

Next, we need to install a set of php modules needed by Nextcloud:

sudo apt-get install php-gd php-json php-curl php-mbstring
sudo apt-get install php-intl php-mcrypt php-imagick php-xml php-zip

Also, enable two additional Apache mods and restart Apache to make them available:

sudo a2enmod rewrite headers

sudo service apache2 restart

We are ready now to download and install Nextcloud. We will use the following commands:

cd /var/www/html
sudo wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest-13.tar.bz2
sudo tar -jxvf latest-13.tar.bz2
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud
sudo rm latest-13.tar.bz2

All done in the command line. Reboot the server and then open the IP address in a browser, like this:

192.168.1.10/nextcloud  (or whatever IP you assigned to it earlier)

You will see the initial configuration for Nextcloud.

Create a user and a password in the first window and enter the database details in the second one. Leave the Data folder as is. Click on Finish setup.

The basic installation is ready. But, additional steps are needed to make the best of our Nextcloud server. Check my other post: Warning messages after installing Nextcloud server

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